Access control systems

Access Control and Management System - What Is It?

ACS (access control and management system) is a set of technical means aimed at controlling the entrance and exit to the premises in order to ensure security and regulate visits to a particular facility. Using an identification system (card, key fob, fingerprints, universal code, etc.), the program individually calculates its work schedule, time of arrival and departure, time spent for breaks and lunch. The main tasks of control systems are: imposing entry restrictions; admission to a certain circle of persons; work day control; security; payroll, when integrated with the accounting system.

ACS Benefits

Safety. The system allows you to configure the access time for each employee individually. An outsider who is not on the list of admissions will not be able to get into the office.

Work time control. The access control system allows you to set and control the time of presence and absence of the employee at the workplace. In addition, the manager will be able to take into account all the hours worked, the amount of time spent on breaks and lunch, individually for each employee.

Profitability. Despite the number of functions, the system does not require large expenditures of electricity, while it has a long service life, and also helps to save on additional protection.

What types of ACS are exists?

Despite the rather narrow focus, the installation and application of ACS are divided into several types. Distinctive features of various types are their autonomous ability, principle of operation and equipment.
As a rule, access control and management systems have the following components: blocking device (electromagnetic locks, doors, turnstiles); identifier (card, keychain, fingerprint); controller - a mechanism that determines the bandwidth of the identifier; reader - a device that determines the identifier code and transfers it to the controller. Software and any additional equipment may also be part of the system, depending on its type.

It is traditionally accepted to distinguish three groups of systems

Autonomous systems. Such a device is an alternative to door locks, usually in commercial premises. Access card codes that are allowed to enter are entered into the system. If the card coincides with the programmed code in the system, the lock is unlocked. These systems do not require a connection to a computer and have a minimum set of functions.

Network Such access control systems have more features: they can configure access to the premises on a schedule, control the work schedule and integrate with video cameras, security and fire systems. Network systems are connected to a computer and controlled remotely.

Biometric systems. These access control and management systems have an individual focus: a unique code for each employee. Fingerprints or an iris pattern are entered in the program. This approach provides a higher level of security and provides more complete information for each employee of each department. With the help of a biometric system, it is possible to keep a log of visits, to control the time spent by an employee on breaks and business trips.

What ACS is better to install in the office?

Such control systems are installed, as a rule, in banks, offices, private homes, administrative institutions, places of passage of cars, public premises. In places with high traffic, they prefer simplified systems, or ACS is not used at all.
Speaking about office premises, it is worth considering the scale of the company. For large organizations, employee access control is an important factor in helping to maintain discipline and keep track of each employee. For such companies, the best solution would be biometric systems, where everyone has their own unique “code”, according to which their access to the office is determined and the work schedule is fixed. Autonomous systems are more suitable for the business center as a whole, where safety is also necessary.

To summarize

ACS is a mechanism for tracking entry and exit to a room and accounting for a work schedule through identifiers. The main components of the system: blocking device, identifier, reader and controller. Depending on the components and the range of functions, the systems are divided into three groups: autonomous, network and biometric. The latter are the most convenient solution for offices, as they provide more complete reporting, and also have a high level of security. That is why many managers install a similar control system in their office.
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